Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like bridges, roads, canals, dams, and buildings. engineering is the oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.
Civil Engineering is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including, but not limited to those outlined below.
Construction engineering concerns the planning and management of the construction of structures such as highways, bridges, airports, railroads, buildings, dams, and reservoirs. Construction of such projects requires knowledge of engineering and management principles and business procedures, economics, and human behaviour.
Environmental engineering deals with the treatment of chemical, biological, and/or thermal waste, the purification of water and air, and the remediation of contaminated sites, due to prior waste disposal or accidental contamination. Among the topics covered by environmental engineering are pollutant transport, water purification, waste water treatment, air pollution, solid waste treatment and hazardous waste management. Environmental engineering also deals with the gathering of information on the environmental consequences of proposed actions and the assessment of effects of proposed actions for the purpose of assisting society and policy makers in the decision making process.
Geotechnical engineering is an area of civil engineering concerned with the rock and soil that civil engineering systems are supported by. Knowledge from the fields of geology, material science and testing, mechanics, and hydraulics are applied by geotechnical engineers to safely and economically design foundations, retaining walls, and similar structures. Environmental concerns in relation to groundwater and waste disposal have spawned a new area of study called geo-environmental engineering where biology and chemistry are important.
Water Resources Engineering
Water resources engineering is concerned with the collection and management of water (as a natural resource). As a discipline it therefore combines hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, geology, conservation, and resource management. Further information on our Water Industry work is available here.
Structural engineering is concerned with the structural design and structural analysis of buildings, bridges, towers, flyovers, tunnels, off shore structures like oil and gas fields in the sea, and other structures. This involves identifying the loads which act upon a structure and the forces and stresses which arise within that structure due to those loads, and then designing the structure to successfully support and resist those loads. The loads can be self weight of the structures, other dead load, live loads, moving (wheel) load, wind load, earthquake load, load from temperature change etc. The structural engineer must design structures to be safe for their users and to successfully fulfill the function they are designed for (to be serviceable).
Transportation engineering is concerned with moving people and goods efficiently, safely, and in a manner conducive to a vibrant community. This involves specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining transportation infrastructure which includes streets, canals, highways, rail systems, airports, ports, and mass transit. It includes areas such as transportation design, transportation planning, traffic engineering, some aspects of urban engineering, queueing theory, pavement engineering, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS), and infrastructure management.
Smart Fabrication and the Civil Engineering Industry
Smart Fabrication is well equipped for civil industry support contracts with our new 30,000 square metre site. Of this, 6,000 square metres are undercover, and this comprises 5 workshops.
Smart Fabrication is well prepared, having previously undertaken work on projects including:
- City Green Alliance – Glenelg to Adelaide Park Lands Recycled Water Project
- SA Water – River Torrens Aqueduct Pipeline Project
- SA Water – Aldinga Storage Lagoon Water Project
- Australian Submarine Corporation – Water Passivation Unit
- Adelaide Aqua – Adelaide Desalination Plant
All of our projects adhere to rigorous ISO-9001 quality standards, and we are working towards achieving ISO-3834 welding standards in the next 12 months. Our medium term plan also includes ISO Environmental standards and Occupational Health & Safety Standards. All of this is part of our culture of continuous improvement, ensuring that all work is carried out the highest quality standards.
Smart Fabrication is also well situated. At the new site in Port Adelaide we now have access to five slipways and around 150 metres of water frontage. Together, all of these factors ensure that Smart Fabrication is willing and able to take on any water infrastructure project that comes our way.